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Hirbat Rosh Zayit- an ancient archeological site
אתר התיירות כרמיאל משגב
Address: Yaad (Businesses At Yaad)
Features: Forest, Archeology, 
This is an archeological site with a fascinating biblical story behind it. A historic story of international relations between allies, financial interests and the building of the 1st Temple.
When King Solomon decided to build the 1st Temple, he realized he was lacking funding, professionals and materials and had to find these before embarking on this historic initiative.
Therefore, a deal was signed between Hiram King of Zor and King Solomon. Solomon transferred land and the crops of the land of Cabul, part of the Asher tribe's land. In return Solomon received cedar trees, cypress trees, gold and professionals in the field of construction who helped build the impressive building on Mt. Moriya in Jerusalem.
In order to transport and protect the crops on their way to Zor, a military fort was built controlling the area manned with soldiers whose mission was to protect them.
In the book of Kings 1:9 12-13 it says: 'And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they pleased him not. And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day.
Despite his dissatisfaction Hiram followed through with the deal and supported the building of the Temple.
In the 80s, archeologist Zvika Gal excavated in this area and remains of a 3 meter high fort were found, as well as 30 complete jugs standing together. One of the jugs was sealed with a cork and in it he found burnt wheat seeds. The same picture repeated itself in all the rooms dug out. The storage area was of 25,000 liters.
The name Cabul was preserved in the name of the Arab village located west of the observation point.
We now return to our vehicles and travel to Yodfat. At the Misgav junction we turn to the south and on route 7955 that turns east at route 784 junction, turn right towards the community village of Yodfat. After 100 meters turn left on to a paved road that leads to a parking area at the foot of the hill.
The Ancient Yodfat site is one of the most beautiful and fascinating sites in the Galilee. The hill where the ancient town was, is located between the Yotvat hills and Mt. Atzmon, above deep valleys. The site combines impressive natural landscapes, archeological findings of a rural village with a heroic story from the Great Revolt period.
During the Great Revolt against the Romans in 67 AD, Yosef Ben Matityahu, the commander of the Galilee, fortified Yodfat and when the Romans, led by Aspasyanus, arrived they began a siege on the city and Yodfat withstood it for 47 days.
When the Romans conquered the city they destroyed it, killed most of its inhabitants and captured 1,200 of them including Yosef. Detailed descriptions of the war and the conquering can be found in Yosef Ben Matityahu's book: 'The Jewish Wars'.
In the excavation carried out on the site, artifacts from the daily life of Galilean Jews in the period of the 2nd Temple were found, such as, mikvehs, stone utensils and a house whose walls and floor were decorated with a colorful fresco.
There is also evidence of the battle that took place here, arrowheads, ballista stones and evidence of destruction and fire.
For the first time in all excavations from the period of the Great Revolt, human bones were discovered and according to scientific tests carried out it was proven that some of them were killed during the violent conquering of the city, men, women and children
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November 2017
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